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Proceedings Paper

Ultra short laser pulse modification of wave guides
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Paper Abstract

The high peak powers of ultra short (ps and sub-ps) pulsed lasers available at relatively low single pulse energies potentially allow for a precise localization of photon energy, either on the surface or inside (transparent) materials. Three dimensional micro structuring of bulk transparent media without any sign of mechanical cracking has shown the potential of ultra short laser processing. In this study, the micro structuring of bulk transparent media was used to modify fused silica and especially the cladding-core interface in normal fused silica wave guides. The idea behind this technique is to enforce a local mismatch for total reflection at the interface at minimal mechanic stress to overcome the barrier for enhanced optical out-coupling. The laser-induced modifications were studied in dependence of pulse width, focal alignment, single pulse energy and pulse overlap. Micro traces with a thickness between 3 and 8 μm were generated with a spacing of 10 μm in the subsurface region using sub-ps and ps laser pulses at a wavelength of 800 nm. The optical leakage enforced by a micro spiral pattern is significant and can be utilized for medical applications or potentially also for telecommunications and fiber laser technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2003
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 5063, Fourth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (18 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.540763
Show Author Affiliations
Arkadi Rosenfeld, Max-Born-Institut fuer Nichtlineare Optik (Germany)
David Ashkenasi, Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5063:
Fourth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
Isamu Miyamoto; Andreas Ostendorf; Koji Sugioka; Henry Helvajian, Editor(s)

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