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Proceedings Paper

Numerical simulation of pulsed laser ablation in air
Author(s): Bukuk Oh; Dongsik Kim; Wonseok Jang; Bosung Shin
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Paper Abstract

Pulsed laser ablation is important in a variety of engineering applications involving precise removal of materials in laser micromachining and laser treatment of bio-materials. Particularly, detailed numerical simulation of complex laser ablation phenomena in air, taking the interaction between ablation plume and air into account, is required for many practical applications. In this paper, high-power pulsed laser ablation under atmospheric pressure is studied with emphasis on the vaporization model, especially recondensation ratio over the Knudsen layer. Furthermore, parametric studies are carried out to analyze the effect of laser fluence and background pressure on surface ablation and the dynamics of ablation plume. In the numerical calculation, the temperature, pressure, density, and vaporization flux on a solid substrate are obtained by a heat-transfer computation code based on the enthalpy method. The plume dynamics is calculated considering the effect of mass diffusion into the ambient air and plasma shielding. To verify the computation results, experiments for measuring the propagation of a laser induced shock wave are conducted as well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2003
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5063, Fourth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (18 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.540469
Show Author Affiliations
Bukuk Oh, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Dongsik Kim, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Wonseok Jang, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (South Korea)
Bosung Shin, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (South Korea)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5063:
Fourth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
Isamu Miyamoto; Andreas Ostendorf; Koji Sugioka; Henry Helvajian, Editor(s)

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