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Proceedings Paper

Building smart materials based on carbon nanotubes
Author(s): Sachin B. Jain; Phil Kang; Yeo-Heung Yun; Tony He; Sri Laxmi Pammi; Atul Muskin; Suhasini Narasimhadevara; Douglas Hurd; Mark J. Schulz; Jennifer Chase; Srinivas Subramaniam; Vesselin Shanov; F. James Boerio; Donglu Shi; Rob Gilliland; David Mast; Chris Sloan
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Paper Abstract

The paper discusses the development of polymer composite materials based on carbon nanotubes. Carbon Nanotubes can be used to form polymer hybrid materials that have good elastic properties, piezoresistive sensing, and electrochemical actuation. Of particular interest are smart nanocomposite materials that are strong and self-sensing for structural health monitoring, or self-actuating to improve the performance and efficiency of structures and devices. Since nanoscale research is broad, challenging, and interdepartmental, undergraduate through Ph.D. level students and faculty have combined efforts to attack the special problems related to building nanoscale smart materials. This paper gives an overview of the work being performed to manufacture polymer nanocomposite materials starting from nanotube synthesis through to device fabrication and testing. Synthesis is performed using an EasyTube Nanofurnace, functionalization is done using plasma coating, dispersion using rotary mixing and ultrasonication, and processing using vacuum and pressure casting. Reinforced polymers, a carbon nanotube solid polymer electrolyte actuator, and piezoresistive sensors are being developed for several potential applications. The materials produced indicate that carbon nanotube hybrid smart materials may become a new class of smart material with unique properties and applications, but much work still needs to be done to realize their full potential.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 July 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5389, Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Smart Electronics, MEMS, BioMEMS, and Nanotechnology, (29 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.540194
Show Author Affiliations
Sachin B. Jain, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Phil Kang, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Yeo-Heung Yun, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Tony He, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Sri Laxmi Pammi, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Atul Muskin, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Suhasini Narasimhadevara, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Douglas Hurd, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Mark J. Schulz, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Jennifer Chase, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Srinivas Subramaniam, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Vesselin Shanov, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
F. James Boerio, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Donglu Shi, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Rob Gilliland, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
David Mast, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Chris Sloan, FirstNano, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5389:
Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Smart Electronics, MEMS, BioMEMS, and Nanotechnology
Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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