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Proceedings Paper

Electro-elastic modeling of a dielectric elastomer diaphragm for a prosthetic blood pump
Author(s): Nakhiah C. Goulbourne; Mary I. Frecker; Eric Mockensturm
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Paper Abstract

A dielectric elastomer diaphragm is to be designed for potential use in a prosthetic blood pump. Application of an electric field deforms the membrane such that it moves from an initially flat configuration to an inflated state. This motion creates positive displacement of blood from the cardiac chambers thus mimicking the pump-like behavior of the natural heart. A comprehensive large deformation model accounting for the combined dielectric and elastic effect has been formulated. This paper presents recent developments in the model to further incorporate the entire nonlinear range of material elastic behavior and to more accurately represent the applied electric field by keeping the voltage constant as the membrane thickness decreases. The updated model is used to calculate the effects of varying system parameters such as pressure, voltage, prestretch, material constants, and membrane geometry. Analytical results are obtained for biaxially stretched 3M VHB 4905 polyacrylate films.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 July 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5385, Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD), (27 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.539818
Show Author Affiliations
Nakhiah C. Goulbourne, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Mary I. Frecker, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Eric Mockensturm, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5385:
Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD)
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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