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Proceedings Paper

Human factors flight trial analysis for 2D/3D SVS
Author(s): Jens Schiefele; Duncan Howland; John Maris; Patrick Wipplinger
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Paper Abstract

The paper describes flight trials performed in Reno, NV. Flight trial were conducted with a Cheyenne 1 from Marinvent. Twelve pilots flew the Cheyenne in seventy-two approaches to the Reno airfield. All pilots flew completely andomized settings. Three different settings (standard displays, 2D moving map, and 2D/3D moving map) were evaluated. They included seamless evaluation for STAR, approach, and taxi operations. The flight trial goal was to evaluate the objective performance of pilots compared among the different settings. As dependent variables, positional and time accuracy were measured. Analysis was conducted by an ANOVA test. In parallel, all pilots answered subjective Cooper-Harper, situation awareness rating technique (SART), situational awareness probe (SAP), and questionnaires.This article describes the human factor analysis from flight trials performed in Reno, NV. Flight trials were conducted with a Cheyenne 1 from Marinvent. Thirteen pilots flew the Cheyenne in seventy-two approaches to the Reno airfield. All pilots flew completely randomized settings. Three different display configurations: Elec. Flight Information System (EFIS), EFIS and 2D moving map, and 3D SVS Primary Flight Display (PFD) and 2D moving map were evaluated. They included normal/abnormal procedure evaluation for: Steep turns and reversals, Unusual attitude recovery, Radar vector guidance towards terrain, Non-precision approaches, En-route alternate for non-IFR rated pilots encountering IMC, and Taxiing on complex taxi-routes. The flight trial goal was to evaluate the objective performance of pilots for the different display configurations. As dependent variables, positional and time data were measured. Analysis was performed by an ANOVA test. In parallel, all pilots answered subjective NASA Task Load Index, Cooper-Harper, Situation Awareness Rating Technique (SART), and questionnaires. The result shows that pilots flying 2D/3D SVS perform no worse than pilots with conventional systems. In addition, 3D SVS flying pilots have significantly better terrain awareness, more stable 180° deg turns, and enhanced positional awareness while taxiing on the ground. Finally, even non-IFR rated pilots are able to fly non-precision approaches under IMC with a 3D SVS.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 August 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5424, Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2004, (11 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.539548
Show Author Affiliations
Jens Schiefele, Jeppesen (Germany)
Duncan Howland, Jeppesen (United States)
John Maris, Marinvent (Canada)
Patrick Wipplinger, Technische Univ. Darmstadt (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5424:
Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2004
Jacques G. Verly, Editor(s)

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