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Proceedings Paper

Image denoising via fundamental anisotropic diffusion and wavelet shrinkage: a comparative study
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Paper Abstract

Noise removal faces a challenge: Keeping the image details. Resolving the dilemma of two purposes (smoothing and keeping image features in tact) working inadvertently of each other was an almost impossible task until anisotropic dif-fusion (AD) was formally introduced by Perona and Malik (PM). AD favors intra-region smoothing over inter-region in piecewise smooth images. Many authors regularized the original PM algorithm to overcome its drawbacks. We compared the performance of denoising using such 'fundamental' AD algorithms and one of the most powerful multiresolution tools available today, namely, wavelet shrinkage. The AD algorithms here are called 'fundamental' in the sense that the regularized versions center around the original PM algorithm with minor changes to the logic. The algorithms are tested with different noise types and levels. On top of the visual inspection, two mathematical metrics are used for performance comparison: Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and universal image quality index (UIQI). We conclude that some of the regu-larized versions of PM algorithm (AD) perform comparably with wavelet shrinkage denoising. This saves a lot of compu-tational power. With this conclusion, we applied the better-performing fundamental AD algorithms to a new imaging modality: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5299, Computational Imaging II, (21 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.537085
Show Author Affiliations
Bulent Bayraktar, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Mostafa Analoui, Pfizer Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5299:
Computational Imaging II
Charles A. Bouman; Eric L. Miller, Editor(s)

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