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Proceedings Paper

Can a Fourier-based cascaded-systems analysis describe noise in complex shift-variant spatially sampled detectors?
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Paper Abstract

Cascaded-systems analyses have been used successfully by many investigators to describe signal and noise transfer in quantum-based x-ray detectors in medical imaging. However, the Fourier-based linear-systems approach is only valid when assumptions of linearity and shift invariance are satisfied. Digital detectors, in which a bounded image signal is spatially integrated in discrete detector elements, are not shift invariant in their response. In addition, many detectors make use of fiber optics or structured phosphors such as CsI to pass light to a photodetector-both of which have a shift-variant response. These issues raise serious concerns regarding the validity of Fourier-based approaches for describing the signal and noise performance of these detectors. We have used a Monte Carlo approach to compare the image Wiener noise power spectrum (NPS) with that predicted using a Fourier-based approach when these assumptions fail. It is shown that excellent agreement is obtained between Monte Carlo results and those obtained using a Fourier-based wide-sense cyclostationary analysis, including the description of noise aliasing. A simple model of a digital detector coupled to a fiber optic bundle is described using a novel cascaded cyclostationary approach in which image quanta are integrated over fiber elements and then randomly re-distributed at the fiber output. While the image signal sometimes contains significant non-stationary beating artifacts, the Monte Carlo results generally show good agreement with Fourier models of the NPS when noise measurements are made over a sufficiently large region of interest.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5368, Medical Imaging 2004: Physics of Medical Imaging, (6 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.534791
Show Author Affiliations
Ian A. Cunningham, Robarts Research Institute (Canada) and Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Mike Sattarivand, Robarts Research Institute (Canada) and Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
George Hajdok, Robarts Research Institute (Canada) and Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Jingwu Yao, Robarts Research Institute (Canada) and Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5368:
Medical Imaging 2004: Physics of Medical Imaging
Martin J. Yaffe; Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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