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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication of polymeric waveguides by using vapor transportation method
Author(s): Hiroyuki Mochizuki; Toshiko Mizokuro; Nobutaka Tanigaki; Takashi Hiraga
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a simple process method, "vapor transportation method", for surface treatments and functionalization of polymeric materials. The method is addition of versatile functions to the solid polymeric materials with treatment of vapors under vacuum. Polymeric waveguides can be easily fabricated using the method. Exposing rods of transparent polymer, poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA), by vapor of organofluorine compounds, fluorinated esters, with lower refractive indices made the organofluorines dispersed into the PMMA from the surface. The refractive index of the organofluorine-doped PMMA surface was decreased and a cladding layer was formed. The core was the central part of the rod, which was the PMMA without dispersion of organofluorines. The properties of the waveguides made by the method were characterized. The refractive index and thickness of the cladding layer can be controlled by conditions of vapor transportation, such as treatment time and temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 June 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5351, Organic Photonic Materials and Devices VI, (18 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.533771
Show Author Affiliations
Hiroyuki Mochizuki, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
Toshiko Mizokuro, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
Nobutaka Tanigaki, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
Takashi Hiraga, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5351:
Organic Photonic Materials and Devices VI
James G. Grote; Toshikuni Kaino, Editor(s)

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