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Proceedings Paper

Synthesis and evaluation of novel galactose-carbocyanine fluorescent contrast agents with enhanced hydrophilicity and rigid molecular constraint
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Paper Abstract

A new carbocyanine optical molecular probe with enhanced water solubility and constrained structural conformations was designed and synthesized. The near infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe contains a nonionic D-galactopyranose, which could improve water solubility of the probe and enhance uptake in tumors mediated by glucose transporter. The possibility of multiple attachment points provides the potential to conjugate diverse bioactive molecules to the probe. We developed an efficient synthetic method that is optimized for large-scale synthesis. Preliminary in vivo biodistribution studies show that the probe is rapidly cleared from blood and localize in the liver as early as 5 minutes post-injection of the probe in nude mice. Additional studies to evaluate the tumor uptake of the probe and its bioactive peptide conjugates are in progress.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 June 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5329, Genetically Engineered and Optical Probes for Biomedical Applications II, (14 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.533161
Show Author Affiliations
Zongren Zhang, Washington Univ. (United States)
Sharon Bloch, Washington Univ. (United States)
Samuel I. Achilefu, Washington Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5329:
Genetically Engineered and Optical Probes for Biomedical Applications II
Alexander P. Savitsky; Darryl J. Bornhop; Ramesh Raghavachari; Samuel I. Achilefu, Editor(s)

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