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Composites containing albumin protein or cyanoacrylate adhesives and biodegradable scaffolds: II. In vivo wound closure study in a rat model
Author(s): Karen M. McNally-Heintzelman; Douglas L. Heintzelman; Mark T. Duffy; Jeffrey N. Bloom; Eric C. Soller; Travis M. Gilmour; Grant T. Hoffman; Deepak Edward
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Paper Abstract

Our Scaffold-Enhanced Biological Adhesive (SEBA) system was investigated as an alternative to sutures or adhesives alone for repair of wounds. Two scaffold materials were investigated: (i) a synthetic biodegradable material fabricated from poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid); and (ii) a biologic material, small intestinal submucosa, manufactured by Cook BioTech. Two adhesive materials were also investigated: (i) a biologic adhesive composed of 50%(w/v) bovine serum albumin solder and 0.5mg/ml indocyanine green dye mixed in deionized water, and activated with an 808-nm diode laser; and (ii) Ethicon’s Dermabond, a 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate. The tensile strength and time-to-failure of skin incisions repaired in vivo in a rat model were measured at seven days postoperative. Incisions closed by protein solder alone, by Dermabond alone, or by suture, were also tested for comparison. The tensile strength of repairs formed using the SEBA system were 50% to 65% stronger than repairs formed by suture or either adhesive alone, with significantly less variations within each experimental group (average standard deviations of 15% for SEBA versus 38% for suture and 28% for adhesive alone). In addition, the time-to-failure curves showed a longevity not previously seen with the suture or adhesive alone techniques. The SEBA system acts to keep the dermis in tight apposition during the critical early phase of wound healing when tissue gaps are bridged by scar and granulation tissue. It has the property of being more flexible than either of the adhesives alone and may allow the apposed edges to move in conjunction with each other as a unit for a longer period of time and over a greater range of stresses than adhesives alone. This permits more rapid healing and establishment of integrity since the microgaps between the dermis edges are significantly reduced. By the time the scaffolds are sloughed from the wound site, there is greater strength and healing than that produced by adhesive alone or by wounds following suture removal. This hypothesis is supported by the data of this study, as well as, the acute tensile strength data of Part I of this study.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 July 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5312, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XIV, (13 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.531997
Show Author Affiliations
Karen M. McNally-Heintzelman, Advent Surgical Innovations, LLC (United States)
Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology (United States)
Douglas L. Heintzelman, Advent Surgical Innovations, LLC (United States)
Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Mark T. Duffy, Advent Surgical Innovations, LLC (United States)
Univ. of Illinois College of Medicine (United States)
Jeffrey N. Bloom, Advent Surgical Innovations, LLC (United States)
Univ. of Illinois College of Medicine (United States)
Eric C. Soller, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology (United States)
Travis M. Gilmour, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology (United States)
Grant T. Hoffman, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology (United States)
Deepak Edward, Univ. of Illinois College of Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5312:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XIV
Brian Jet-Fei Wong; Nikiforos Kollias; Kenton W. Gregory; Henry Hirschberg; Reza S. Malek; Abraham Katzir; David S. Robinson; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Eugene A. Trowers; Werner T.W. de Riese; Lawrence S. Bass; Lloyd P. Tate; Steen J. Madsen; Keith D. Paulsen; Karen M. McNally-Heintzelman, Editor(s)

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