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Proceedings Paper

Microscopic characterization of laser-induced damage performance of large-size KDP and DKDP nonlinear crystals
Author(s): Paul DeMange; Christopher Wren Carr; Harry B. Radousky; Stavros G. Demos
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Paper Abstract

KDP and DKDP are unique materials for frequency conversion in large-aperture laser systems. Under high power irradiation, a threshold exists above which multiple damage sites are formed in the bulk of crystal plates thus obstructing beam propagation and creating undesirable beam modulations. Damage testing has focused on measuring the irradiation threshold fluences that lead to irreversible material modifications. However, small amounts of damage in optical components have been determined not to hinder system performance in large-aperture laser systems. In this work, we present a new approach to evaluating damage performance that provides statistics on damage pinpoint density, size and morphology as a function of fluence, wavelength and pulse duration and relates that to the resulting beam obscuration. We measure the size of damage sites for different wavelengths, pulse-lengths, and fluences. Different pulse-lengths are approximated by using multiple pulses appropriately delayed with respect to each other. We find that in KDP/DKDP crystals, the size of damage sites strongly depend on the pulse-length, with longer pulses creating larger damage sites. Also examined are ways of laser-annealing to increase the damage resistance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 June 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5337, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications III, (14 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.531330
Show Author Affiliations
Paul DeMange, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Univ. of California/Davis (United States)
Christopher Wren Carr, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Harry B. Radousky, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Univ. of California/Davis (United States)
Stavros G. Demos, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5337:
Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications III
Kenneth L. Schepler; Dennis D. Lowenthal, Editor(s)

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