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Proceedings Paper

Ceramic dentures manufactured with ultrashort laser pulses
Author(s): Kristian Werelius; Paul Weigl
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Paper Abstract

Conventional manufacturing of individual ceramic dental prosthesis implies a handmade metallic framework, which is then veneered with ceramic layers. In order to manufacture all-ceramic dental prosthesis a CAD/CAM system is necessary due to the three dimensional shaping of high strength ceramics. Most CAD/CAM systems presently grind blocks of ceramic after the construction process in order to create the prosthesis. Using high-strength ceramics, such as Hot Isostatic Pressed (HIP)-zirconia, this is limited to copings. Anatomically shaped fixed dentures have a sculptured surface with small details, which can't be created by existing grinding tools. This procedure is also time consuming and subject to significant loss in mechanical strength and thus reduced survival rate once inserted. Ultra-short laser pulses offer a possibility in machining highly complex sculptured surfaces out of high-strength ceramic with negligible damage to the surface and bulk of the ceramic. In order to determine efficiency, quality and damage, several laser ablation parameters such as pulse duration, pulse energy and ablation strategies were studied. The maximum ablation rate was found using 400 fs at high pulse energies. High pulse energies such as 200μJ were used with low damage in mechanical strength compared to grinding. Due to the limitation of available laser systems in pulse repetition rates and power, the use of special ablation strategies provide a possibility to manufacture fully ceramic dental prosthesis efficiently.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2004
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5340, Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers IV, (1 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.528929
Show Author Affiliations
Kristian Werelius, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Univ. Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Paul Weigl, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Univ. Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5340:
Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers IV
Joseph Neev; Christopher B. Schaffer; Andreas Ostendorf, Editor(s)

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