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Proceedings Paper

Automatic acquisition of motion trajectories: tracking hockey players
Author(s): Kenji Okuma; James J. Little; David Lowe
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Paper Abstract

Computer systems that have the capability of analyzing complex and dynamic scenes play an essential role in video annotation. Scenes can be complex in such a way that there are many cluttered objects with different colors, shapes and sizes, and can be dynamic with multiple interacting moving objects and a constantly changing background. In reality, there are many scenes that are complex, dynamic, and challenging enough for computers to describe. These scenes include games of sports, air traffic, car traffic, street intersections, and cloud transformations. Our research is about the challenge of inventing a descriptive computer system that analyzes scenes of hockey games where multiple moving players interact with each other on a constantly moving background due to camera motions. Ultimately, such a computer system should be able to acquire reliable data by extracting the players’ motion as their trajectories, querying them by analyzing the descriptive information of data, and predict the motions of some hockey players based on the result of the query. Among these three major aspects of the system, we primarily focus on visual information of the scenes, that is, how to automatically acquire motion trajectories of hockey players from video. More accurately, we automatically analyze the hockey scenes by estimating parameters (i.e., pan, tilt, and zoom) of the broadcast cameras, tracking hockey players in those scenes, and constructing a visual description of the data by displaying trajectories of those players. Many technical problems in vision such as fast and unpredictable players' motions and rapid camera motions make our challenge worth tackling. To the best of our knowledge, there have not been any automatic video annotation systems for hockey developed in the past. Although there are many obstacles to overcome, our efforts and accomplishments would hopefully establish the infrastructure of the automatic hockey annotation system and become a milestone for research in automatic video annotation in this domain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 December 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5304, Internet Imaging V, (15 December 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.528372
Show Author Affiliations
Kenji Okuma, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
James J. Little, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
David Lowe, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5304:
Internet Imaging V
Simone Santini; Raimondo Schettini, Editor(s)

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