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Proceedings Paper

Use of the multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) for assessing the response of 670 nm light emitting diodes (LED) photoillumination in an animal model with laser retinal injuries
Author(s): Cheryl D. DiCarlo; Jeremiah Brown; Andres Grado; James Sankovich; Harry Zwick; David J. Lund; Bruce E. Stuck
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Paper Abstract

There is no uniformly accepted objective method to diagnose the functional extent of retinal damage following laser eye injury and there is no uniform therapy for laser retinal injury. J.T. Eells, et al, reported the use of Light Emitting Diodes (LED) photoillumination (670 nm) for methanol-induced retinal toxicity in rats. The findings indicated a preservation of retinal architecture, as determined by histopathology and a partial functional recovery of photoreceptors, as determined by electroretinogram (ERG), in the LED exposed methanol-intoxicated rats. The purpose of this study is to use multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) to evaluate recovery of retinal function following treatment with LED photoillumination in a cynomolgus monkey laser retinal injury model. Control and LED array (670 nm) illuminated animals received macular Argon laser lesions (514 nm, 130 mW, 100 ms). LED array exposure was accomplished for 4 days for a total dose of 4 J/cm2 per day. Baseline and post-laser exposure mfERGs were performed. mfERG results for five animals post-laser injury but prior to treatment (Day 0) showed increased implicit times and P1 waveform amplitudes when compared to a combined laboratory normal and each animal's baseline normal values. In general, preliminary mfERG results of our first five subjects recorded using both the 103-hexagon and 509-hexagon patterns indicate a more rapid functional recovery in the LED illuminated animal as compared to the control by the end of the fourth day post-exposure. Research is continuing to determine if this difference in functional return is seen in additional subjects and if statistical significance exists.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 July 2004
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5312, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XIV, (13 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.528351
Show Author Affiliations
Cheryl D. DiCarlo, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Jeremiah Brown, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Andres Grado, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
James Sankovich, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Harry Zwick, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
David J. Lund, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Bruce E. Stuck, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5312:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XIV
Brian Jet-Fei Wong; Nikiforos Kollias; Kenton W. Gregory; Henry Hirschberg; Reza S. Malek; Abraham Katzir; David S. Robinson; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Eugene A. Trowers; Werner T.W. de Riese; Lawrence S. Bass; Lloyd P. Tate; Steen J. Madsen; Keith D. Paulsen; Karen M. McNally-Heintzelman, Editor(s)

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