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Proceedings Paper

A hybrid scheme for encryption and watermarking
Author(s): Xiaowei Xu; Scott D. Dexter; Ahmet M. Eskicioglu
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Paper Abstract

Encryption and watermarking are complementary lines of defense in protecting multimedia content. Recent watermarking techniques have therefore been developed independent from encryption techniques. In this paper, we present a hybrid image protection scheme to establish a relation between the data encryption key and the watermark. Prepositioned secret sharing allows the reconstruction of different encryption keys by communicating different activating shares for the same prepositioned information. Each activating share is used by the receivers to generate a fresh content decryption key. In the proposed scheme, the activating share is used to carry copyright or usage rights data. The bit stream that represents this data is also embedded in the content as a visual watermark. When the encryption key needs to change, the data source generates a new activating share, and embeds the corresponding watermark into the multimedia stream. Before transmission, the composite stream is encrypted with the key constructed from the new activating share. Each receiver can decrypt the stream after reconstructing the same key, and extract the watermark from the image. Our presentation will include the application of the scheme to a test image, and a discussion on the data hiding capacity, watermark transparency, and robustness to common attacks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5306, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI, (22 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.527514
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaowei Xu, CUNY/Graduate Ctr. (United States)
Scott D. Dexter, CUNY/Brooklyn College (United States)
Ahmet M. Eskicioglu, CUNY/Brooklyn College (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5306:
Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI
Edward J. Delp; Ping W. Wong, Editor(s)

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