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Proceedings Paper

Watermarking electronic text documents containing justified paragraphs and irregular line spacing
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we propose a new method for watermarking electronic text documents that contain justified paragraphs and irregular line spacing. The proposed method uses a spread-spectrum technique to combat the effects of irregular word or line spacing. It also uses a BCH (Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem) error coding technique to protect the payload from the noise resulting from the printing and scanning process. Watermark embedding in a justified paragraph is achieved by slightly increasing or decreasing the spaces between words according to the value of the corresponding watermark bit. Similarly, watermark embedding in a text document with variable line spacing is achieved by slightly increasing or decreasing the distance between any two adjacent lines according to the value of the watermark bit. Detecting the watermark is achieved by measuring the spaces between the words or the lines and correlating them with the spreading sequence. In this paper, we present an implementation of the proposed algorithm and discuss its simulation results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5306, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI, (22 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.527147
Show Author Affiliations
Adnan M. Alattar, Digimarc Corp. (United States)
Osama Mohammed Alattar, Digimarc Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5306:
Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI
Edward J. Delp; Ping W. Wong, Editor(s)

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