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Proceedings Paper

Unsupervised automation of photographic composition rules in digital still cameras
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Paper Abstract

When taking pictures, professional photographers apply photographic composition rules, e.g. rule of thirds. The rule of thirds says to place the main subject's center at one of four places: at 1/3 or 2/3 of the picture width from left edge, and 1/3 or 2/3 of the picture height from the top edge. This paper develops low-complexity unsupervised methods for digital still cameras to (1) segment the main subject and (2) realize the rule-of-thirds. The main subject segmentation method uses the auto-focus filter, opens the shutter aperture fully, and segments the resulting image. These camera settings place the main subject in focus and blur the rest of the image by diffused light. The segmentation utilizes the difference in frequency content between the main subject and blurred background. The segmentation does not depend on prior knowledge of the indoor/outdoor setting or scene content. The rule-of-thirds method moves the centroid of the main subject to the closest of the four rule-of-thirds locations. We first define an objective function that measures how close the main subject placement obeys the rule-of-thirds, and then reposition the main subject in order to optimize the objective function. For multiple main subjects, the proposed algorithm could be extended to use rule-of-triangles by adding an appropriate constraint.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 June 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5301, Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications V, (7 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.526997
Show Author Affiliations
Serene Banerjee, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
Brian Lawrence Evans, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5301:
Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications V
Nitin Sampat; Morley M. Blouke; Ricardo J. Motta, Editor(s)

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