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Proceedings Paper

The camera convergence problem revisited
Author(s): Robert S. Allison
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Paper Abstract

Convergence of the real or virtual stereoscopic cameras is an important operation in stereoscopic display systems. For example, convergence can shift the range of portrayed depth to improve visual comfort; can adjust the disparity of targets to bring them nearer to the screen and reduce accommodation-vergence conflict; or can bring objects of interest into the binocular field-of-view. Although camera convergence is acknowledged as a useful function, there has been considerable debate over the transformation required. It is well known that rotational camera convergence or 'toe-in' distorts the images in the two cameras producing patterns of horizontal and vertical disparities that can cause problems with fusion of the stereoscopic imagery. Behaviorally, similar retinal vertical disparity patterns are known to correlate with viewing distance and strongly affect perception of stereoscopic shape and depth. There has been little analysis of the implications of recent findings on vertical disparity processing for the design of stereoscopic camera and display systems. We ask how such distortions caused by camera convergence affect the ability to fuse and perceive stereoscopic images.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5291, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XI, (21 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.526278
Show Author Affiliations
Robert S. Allison, York Univ. (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5291:
Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XI
Mark T. Bolas; Andrew J. Woods; John O. Merritt; Stephen A. Benton, Editor(s)

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