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Proceedings Paper

Reversible watermarking using two-way decodable codes
Author(s): Bijan G. Mobasseri; Domenick Cinalli
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Paper Abstract

Traditional variable length codes(VLC) used in compressed media are brittle and suffer synchronization loss following bit errors. To counter this situation, resynchronizing VLCs(RVLC) have been proposed to help identify, limit and possibly reverse channel errors. In this work we observe that watermark bits are in effect forced bit errors and are amenable to the application of error-resilient techniques. We have developed a watermarking algorithm around a two-way decodable RVLC. The inherent error control property of the code is now exploited to implement reversible watermarking in the compressed domain. A new decoding algorithm is developed to reestablish synchronization that is lost as a result of watermarking. Resynchronization is achieved by disambiguating among many potential markers that are abundantly emulated in data. The algorithm is successfully applied to several MPEG-2 streams.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5306, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI, (22 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.526135
Show Author Affiliations
Bijan G. Mobasseri, Villanova Univ. (United States)
Domenick Cinalli, Villanova Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5306:
Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI
Edward J. Delp; Ping W. Wong, Editor(s)

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