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Proceedings Paper

Segmentation of tooth in CT images for the 3D reconstruction of teeth
Author(s): Hoon Heo; Ok-Sam Chae
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Paper Abstract

In the dental field, the 3D tooth model in which each tooth can be manipulated individually is an essential component for the simulation of orthodontic surgery and treatment. To reconstruct such a tooth model from CT slices, we need to define the accurate boundary of each tooth from CT slices. However, the global threshold method, which is commonly used in most existing 3D reconstruction systems, is not effective for the tooth segmentation in the CT image. In tooth CT slices, some teeth touch with other teeth and some are located inside of alveolar bone whose intensity is similar to that of teeth. In this paper, we propose an image segmentation algorithm based on B-spline curve fitting to produce smooth tooth regions from such CT slices. The proposed algorithm prevents the malfitting problem of the B-spline algorithm by providing accurate initial tooth boundary for the fitting process. This paper proposes an optimal threshold scheme using the intensity and shape information passed by previous slice for the initial boundary generation and an efficient B-spline fitting method based on genetic algorithm. The test result shows that the proposed method detects contour of the individual tooth successfully and can produce a smooth and accurate 3D tooth model for the simulation of orthodontic surgery and treatment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5298, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems III, (28 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.526111
Show Author Affiliations
Hoon Heo, Kyung Hee Univ. (South Korea)
Ok-Sam Chae, Kyung Hee Univ. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5298:
Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems III
Edward R. Dougherty; Jaakko T. Astola; Karen O. Egiazarian, Editor(s)

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