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Proceedings Paper

Robust image transmission using a new joint source channel coding algorithm and dual adaptive OFDM
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we consider the problem of robust image coding and packetization for the purpose of communications over slow fading frequency selective channels and channels with a shaped spectrum like those of digital subscribe lines (DSL). Towards this end, a novel and analytically based joint source channel coding (JSCC) algorithm to assign unequal error protection is presented. Under a block budget constraint, the image bitstream is de-multiplexed into two classes with different error responses. The algorithm assigns unequal error protection (UEP) in a way to minimize the expected mean square error (MSE) at the receiver while minimizing the probability of catastrophic failure. In order to minimize the expected mean square error at the receiver, the algorithm assigns unequal protection to the value bit class (VBC) stream. In order to minimizes the probability of catastrophic error which is a characteristic of progressive image coders, the algorithm assigns more protection to the location bit class (LBC) stream than the VBC stream. Besides having the advantage of being analytical and also numerically solvable, the algorithm is based on a new formula developed to estimate the distortion rate (D-R) curve for the VBC portion of SPIHT. The major advantage of our technique is that the worst case instantaneous minimum peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) does not differ greatly from the averge MSE while this is not the case for the optimal single stream (UEP) system. Although both average PSNR of our method and the optimal single stream UEP are about the same, our scheme does not suffer erratic behavior because we have made the probability of catastrophic error arbitarily small. The coded image is sent via orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) which is a known and increasing popular modulation scheme to combat ISI (Inter Symbol Interference) and impulsive noise. Using dual adaptive energy OFDM, we use the minimum energy necessary to send each bit stream at a particular probability of bit error. An added benefit of OFDM over serial transmission schemes is that some degree of progressiveness of SPIHT is preserved by transmitting both the VBC and LBC streams in parallel.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 January 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5308, Visual Communications and Image Processing 2004, (18 January 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.524906
Show Author Affiliations
Masoud Farshchian, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Sungdae Cho, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
William A. Pearlman, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5308:
Visual Communications and Image Processing 2004
Sethuraman Panchanathan; Bhaskaran Vasudev, Editor(s)

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