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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication of an electrochemical tip-probe system embedded in SiNx cantilevers for simultaneous SECM and AFM analysis
Author(s): Rainer J. Fasching; Yao Tao; Fritz B. Prinz
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Paper Abstract

An electrochemical transducer system embedded in silicon nitride cantilevers has been fabricated for simultaneous Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) analysis. Sharpened high-aspect ratio silicon tips are shaped combining isotropic and anisotropic deep-reactive etch processes and form the body of the transducer. Deposition of a silicon nitride followed by a back-etch step allows embedding these silicon tips in a silicon nitride layer so that they protrude through the nitride. This way, embedded silicon tips with a diameter smaller than 600 nm, a radius smaller than 50 nm, and an aspect ratio higher than 20 can be achieved. Subsequently, a platinum layer and an insulator layer are deposited on these tip structures. Introducing a metal masking technology utilizing Focused Ion Beam (FIB) technology, a precise exposure of the buried metal layer can be achieved to form ultra-micro electrodes on top of the tip. Finally, cantilever structures are shaped and released by etching the silicon substrate from the backside. Electrochemical and impedance spectroscopic characterization show electrochemical functionality of the transducer system. Due to the high aspect ratio topography of the tip structure and low spring constant of silicon nitride cantilevers, these probes are particularly suited for high resolution SECM and AFM analysis. Furthermore, this technology allows a production of both linear probe-arrays and two-dimensional probe-arrays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5342, Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology IX, (30 December 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.524452
Show Author Affiliations
Rainer J. Fasching, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Yao Tao, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Fritz B. Prinz, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5342:
Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology IX
Mary Ann Maher; Jerome F. Jakubczak, Editor(s)

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