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Proceedings Paper

Commercialization of VCSELs and VCSEL arrays
Author(s): Karlheinz Gulden; Yu Gao; Paul Royo; Marcel Brunner
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Paper Abstract

Various aspects relevant for the commerzialization of VCSELs used in data communications and sensor applications are discussed. In particular, reliability results obtained on selective oxide VCSELs and production reliability assurance procedures are discussed. For typical operating conditions of 50°C and 6 mA we obtain a time to 1% failure of 1.7 Million hours.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5280, Materials, Active Devices, and Optical Amplifiers, (12 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.521151
Show Author Affiliations
Karlheinz Gulden, Avalon Photonics Ltd. (Switzerland)
Yu Gao, Avalon Photonics Ltd. (Switzerland)
Paul Royo, Avalon Photonics Ltd. (Switzerland)
Marcel Brunner, Avalon Photonics Ltd. (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5280:
Materials, Active Devices, and Optical Amplifiers
Connie J. Chang-Hasnain; Dexiu Huang; Yoshiaki Nakano; Xiaomin Ren, Editor(s)

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