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Proceedings Paper

Optical cavity effects in InGaN/GaN quantum-well-heterostructure flip-chip light-emitting diodes
Author(s): Yu Chen Shen; Jonathan J. Wierer; Michael R. Krames; Michael J. Ludowise; Mira S. Misra; Farid Ahmed; Andy Y. Kim; Gerd O. Mueller; Jerome C. Bhat; Steve A. Stockman; Paul S. Martin
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Paper Abstract

Optical cavity effects have a significant influence on the extraction efficiency of InGaN/GaN quantum-well-heterostructure flip-chip light-emitting diodes (FCLEDs). Light emitted from the quantum well (QW) self-interferes due to reflection from a closely placed reflective metallic mirror. These interference patterns couple into the escape cone and cause significant changes in the extraction efficiency as the distance between the QW and the metallic mirror varies. In addition, the radiative lifetime of the QW also changes as a function of the distance between the QW and the mirror surface. Experimental results from packaged FCLEDs, supported by optical modeling, show that a QW placed at a neighboring position corresponding to a minimum in overall light extraction. Furthermore, the optical model and experimental data are used to estimate the absolute internal quantum efficiency.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 June 2004
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5366, Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications VIII, (21 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.520571
Show Author Affiliations
Yu Chen Shen, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Jonathan J. Wierer, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Michael R. Krames, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Michael J. Ludowise, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Mira S. Misra, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Farid Ahmed, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Andy Y. Kim, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Gerd O. Mueller, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Jerome C. Bhat, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Steve A. Stockman, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)
Paul S. Martin, Lumileds Lighting, LLC (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5366:
Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications VIII
Steve A. Stockman; H. Walter Yao; E. Fred Schubert, Editor(s)

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