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Proceedings Paper

Solid polymeric electrolytes obtained from modified natural polymers
Author(s): Agnieszka Pawlicka; G. O. Machado; K. V. Guimaraes; Douglas C. Dragunski
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Paper Abstract

Polysaccharides like starch and cellulose derivatives, hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC) or hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) were modified to obtain solid polymeric electrolytes. The chemical modifications were performed by the grafting of polymers with poly(ethylene oxide) mono and diisocyanates or JEFFAMINE (Shiff base). The physical modifications were made by the plasticization process of starch and cellulose derivatives with glycerol and ethylene glycol. All the samples obtained from polysaccharides were characterized by X-ray, thermal analysis (DSC) and impedance spectroscopy. The plasticized samples showed low glass transition temperatures (Tg); for HEC the value was about -60°C and for starch it was about -30°C. Tg values for grafted samples were of about -58°C for starch and -7°C for HPC. The low Tg values obtained are important to ensure good ionic conductivity that reached the values of about 10-5 Scm-1 for plasticized samples and 10-6 Scm-1 for grafted ones at room temperature. The good film forming and ionic conductivity properties of the samples of HEC, HPC and starch are very interesting candidates to be used as solid polymer electrolytes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2003
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5136, Solid State Crystals 2002: Crystalline Materials for Optoelectronics, (22 October 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.519675
Show Author Affiliations
Agnieszka Pawlicka, Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos-USP (Brazil)
G. O. Machado, Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos-USP (Brazil)
K. V. Guimaraes, Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos-USP (Brazil)
Douglas C. Dragunski, Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos-USP (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5136:
Solid State Crystals 2002: Crystalline Materials for Optoelectronics
Jaroslaw Rutkowski; Antoni Rogalski, Editor(s)

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