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Proceedings Paper

FPGA design for constrained energy minimization
Author(s): Jianwei Wang; Chein-I Chang; Mang Cao
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Paper Abstract

The Constrained Energy Minimization (CEM) has been widely used for hyperspectral detection and classification. The feasibility of implementing the CEM as a real-time processing algorithm in systolic arrays has been also demonstrated. The main challenge of realizing the CEM in hardware architecture in the computation of the inverse of the data correlation matrix performed in the CEM, which requires a complete set of data samples. In order to cope with this problem, the data correlation matrix must be calculated in a causal manner which only needs data samples up to the sample at the time it is processed. This paper presents a Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) design of such a causal CEM. The main feature of the proposed FPGA design is to use the Coordinate Rotation DIgital Computer (CORDIC) algorithm that can convert a Givens rotation of a vector to a set of shift-add operations. As a result, the CORDIC algorithm can be easily implemented in hardware architecture, therefore in FPGA. Since the computation of the inverse of the data correlction involves a series of Givens rotations, the utility of the CORDIC algorithm allows the causal CEM to perform real-time processing in FPGA. In this paper, an FPGA implementation of the causal CEM will be studied and its detailed architecture will be also described.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5268, Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection, (27 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.518559
Show Author Affiliations
Jianwei Wang, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
Chein-I Chang, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
Mang Cao, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5268:
Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection
James O. Jensen; Jean-Marc Theriault, Editor(s)

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