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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of trade-offs in costs and environmental impacts for returnable packaging implementation
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Paper Abstract

The main thrust of returnable packaging these days is to provide logistical services through transportation and distribution of products and be environmentally friendly. Returnable packaging and reverse logistics concepts have converged to mitigate the adverse effect of packaging materials entering the solid waste stream. Returnable packaging must be designed by considering the trade-offs between costs and environmental impact to satisfy manufacturers and environmentalists alike. The cost of returnable packaging entails such items as materials, manufacturing, collection, storage and disposal. Environmental impacts are explicitly linked with solid waste, air pollution, and water pollution. This paper presents a multi-criteria evaluation technique to assist decision-makers for evaluating the trade-offs in costs and environmental impact during the returnable packaging design process. The proposed evaluation technique involves a combination of multiple objective integer linear programming and analytic hierarchy process. A numerical example is used to illustrate the methodology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5262, Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing III, (27 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.516151
Show Author Affiliations
Lerpong Jarupan, Northeastern Univ. (United States)
Sagar V. Kamarthi, Northeastern Univ. (United States)
Surendra M. Gupta, Northeastern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5262:
Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing III
Surendra M. Gupta, Editor(s)

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