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Proceedings Paper

Oxgen-vacancy defects in PbTiO3 and BaTiO3 crystals: a quantum chemical study
Author(s): Sheyla Serrano; Carlos Duque; Paul Medina; Arvids Stashans
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Paper Abstract

We study effects produced by an O vacancy and F center in cubic and tetragonal lead titanate (PbTiO3) crystals as well as barium titanate (BaTiO3) (001) surface. Displacements and charges of defect-surrounding atoms, lattice distortion and relaxation energies are carefully analyzed. It is found that the predominant cause of atomic movements in PbTiO3 around an O vacancy in the Coulomb interaction while in the case of F center also changes in the chemical bonding within the atomic planes should be taken into consideration in order to explain atomic movements. We also observe a phenomenon known as bi-stability of the fundamental state, which occurs due to the rotation of some cationic planes. The obtained vibronic energy barriers for bi-stability are found to be around 1.0 eV. In the case of the BaTiO3 crystal the computed average atomic movements around the O vacancies are around 0.12 Å and 0.15 Å for the cubic and tetragonal lattices, respectively. In the case of F center we observe somewhat smaller lattice distortion. In the latter case, however, we find a considerable redistribution of electronic charge leading to a polarization of the defect-surrounding lattice, especially if the F center is situated within the Ti-O2 plane. In general, there is a reduction of the ferroelectric dipole moment for the tetragonal phase of the crystal due to the F center presence on BaTiO3 (001) surface.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 August 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5122, Advanced Organic and Inorganic Optical Materials, (8 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.515777
Show Author Affiliations
Sheyla Serrano, Corp. de Fisica Fundamental y Aplicada (Ecuador)
Carlos Duque, Corp. de Fisica Fundamental y Aplicada (Ecuador)
Paul Medina, Corp. de Fisica Fundamental y Aplicada (Ecuador)
Arvids Stashans, Corp. de Fisica Fundamental y Aplicada (Ecuador)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5122:
Advanced Organic and Inorganic Optical Materials
Andris Krumins; Donats Millers; Inta Muzikante; Andris Sternbergs; Vismants Zauls, Editor(s)

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