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Proceedings Paper

Vapor mixture generation for infrared sensor evaluation
Author(s): Paul E. Field; Roger J. Combs
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Paper Abstract

The use of the equilibrium vapor cell method quantitatively supplies one or more analytes in the presence of water vapor by using the vapor liquid equilibrium properties of aqueous solutions to delivery target vapors. This study demonstrates vapor generation of ammonia, ethanol, and ammonia/ethanol mixtures from aqueous solutions. Gravimetrically prepared aqueous solutions of ethanol and/or ammonia along with vapor liquid equilibrium data permits assessment of the mixed vapor target amounts delivered into an optical cell. Acquisition of the infrared vapor phase spectra is completed with a laboratory spectrometer for the target vapors in the Beer's law concentration region using a fixed pathlength optical cell. Even though ideal solution behavior is assumed for the ethanol/ammonia interactions in the ternary solutions, the infrared spectral results between the binary and ternary solutions are shown to compare favorably.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2004
PDF: 22 pages
Proc. SPIE 5269, Chemical and Biological Point Sensors for Homeland Defense, (8 March 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.515344
Show Author Affiliations
Paul E. Field, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Roger J. Combs, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5269:
Chemical and Biological Point Sensors for Homeland Defense
Arthur J. Sedlacek; Richard Colton; Tuan Vo-Dinh, Editor(s)

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