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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of dimensionality reduction methods for wood surface inspection
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Paper Abstract

Dimensionality reduction methods for visualization map the original high-dimensional data typically into two dimensions. Mapping preserves the important information of the data, and in order to be useful, fulfils the needs of a human observer. We have proposed a self-organizing map (SOM)- based approach for visual surface inspection. The method provides the advantages of unsupervised learning and an intuitive user interface that allows one to very easily set and tune the class boundaries based on observations made on visualization, for example, to adapt to changing conditions or material. There are, however, some problems with a SOM. It does not address the true distances between data, and it has a tendency to ignore rare samples in the training set at the expense of more accurate representation of common samples. In this paper, some alternative methods for a SOM are evaluated. These methods, PCA, MDS, LLE, ISOMAP, and GTM, are used to reduce dimensionality in order to visualize the data. Their principal differences are discussed and performances quantitatively evaluated in a few special classification cases, such as in wood inspection using centile features. For the test material experimented with, SOM and GTM outperform the others when classification performance is considered. For data mining kinds of applications, ISOMAP and LLE appear to be more promising methods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5132, Sixth International Conference on Quality Control by Artificial Vision, (1 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.514959
Show Author Affiliations
Matti Niskanen, Univ. of Oulu (Finland)
Olli Silven, Univ. of Oulu (Finland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5132:
Sixth International Conference on Quality Control by Artificial Vision

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