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Proceedings Paper

A unique all-optic switch based on an innovatively designed liquid crystal waveguide
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Paper Abstract

A unique, all-optic switch based on an innovatively designed planar lightwave circuit (PLC) is presented in this paper. The switching function is achieved by using ultra large birefringence of nematic liquid crystals (NLC) filled at the trench of waveguides. The trench at the crossing forms a waveguide mirror or a matching medium when extraordinary and ordinary refractive indices of NLC are employed, respectively. The major advantages of our unique design are: (1) the limitation that refractive index of liquid crystal must be less than that of waveguide material itself is eliminated so that conventional NCL material such as E7 can be used; (2) it is a self aligned fabrication process that alleviates the tight tolerance of later tilt error; (3) the design is thermally stable. The successful fabrication of this unqiue switch could result in an enabling element for the next generation all-optic networks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5206, Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications IX, (21 October 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.513912
Show Author Affiliations
Sung-Hyun Nam, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Wei-Hung Su, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Jesus Chavez, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Shizhuo Yin, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5206:
Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications IX
Francis T. S. Yu; Ruyan Guo; Shizhuo Yin, Editor(s)

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