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Proceedings Paper

Global distributions of temperature, carbon dioxide, ozone, and non-LTE parameters in mesosphere and lower thermosphere (CRISTA-1 experiment)
Author(s): Vladimir S. Kostsov; Yuriy M. Timofeyev; Rada O. Manuilova
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Paper Abstract

High-altitude limb infrared radiance spectra (CO2 15μm and O3 9.6μm bands) registered during CRISTA-1 experiment in November 1994 were interpreted using multiparameter inversion algorithm accounting for the nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium conditions (non-LTE). Global distributions of temperature in the altitude range 40-120 km were obtained simultaneously with the distributions of CO2 and O3 (40-90 km) and vibrational temperatures of the lower vibrational states of CO2 and O3 molecules. Mean zonal values of temperature agree with CIRA-86 and SMLTM models. The root mean square variability of temperature reaches its maximum of 45 K at 105 km. Mesospheric temperature inversions were detected in 85% of cases during observations. The retrieved CO2 profiles demonstrate that the altitude level, up to which CO2 is well mixed, is considerably lower (70-75km) than predicted by models (85-90 km). Maximal diurnal variations of ozone were observed at 90 km altitude, where the mean value of volume mixing ratio is close to 2 ppmv for daytime and 7 ppmv for nighttime. The altitude levels of the LTE breakdown for the vibrational states of CO2 and O3 molecules and also the magnitude and vertical behavior of the non-LTE effect are in good agreement with numerical models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5235, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII, (16 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.512269
Show Author Affiliations
Vladimir S. Kostsov, St. Petersburg State Univ. (Russia)
Yuriy M. Timofeyev, St. Petersburg State Univ. (Russia)
Rada O. Manuilova, St. Petersburg State Univ. (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5235:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII
Klaus P. Schaefer; Adolfo Comeron; Michel R. Carleer; Richard H. Picard, Editor(s)

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