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Proceedings Paper

Upper-mesosphere/lower-thermosphere temperatures from non-LTE modeling of the CRISTA 15-μm measurements
Author(s): Klaus U. Grossmann; Oleg B. Gusev; Mustapha Ait Assou; Alexander A. Kutepov
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Paper Abstract

The CRyogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere (CRISTA) experiment measured mid- and far-infrared limb spectra during two Shuttle missions in November 1994 and August 1997 from the upper troposphere to the lower thermosphere. From the CO2 15μm spectra temperatures in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere were derived using a non-LTE model coupled to a line-by-line radiative transfer code. CO2 and atomic oxygen densities were calculated from the simultaneously recorded 4.3 μm (CO2) and 9.6 μm (ozone) measurements. The retrieved temperatures reveal the very low high latitude summer mesopause temperatures. Zonal structures are found at all altitudes and in the summer hemisphere as well as in the winter hemisphere. The north polar temperature distribution near the mesopause is dominated by a wave 1 structure with some wave 2 contribution. The same pattern is observed in the distribution of polar mesospheric clouds (PMC) which were detected via their thermal emission near 12 μm. The appearance of the PMCs thus verifies the temperatures obtained from the non-LTE modeling. The wave structures extend well into the thermosphere.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5235, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII, (16 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.511642
Show Author Affiliations
Klaus U. Grossmann, Univ. Wuppertal (Germany)
Oleg B. Gusev, Univ. Wuppertal (Germany)
Mustapha Ait Assou, Univ. Wuppertal (Germany)
Alexander A. Kutepov, Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5235:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII
Klaus P. Schaefer; Adolfo Comeron; Michel R. Carleer; Richard H. Picard, Editor(s)

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