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Proceedings Paper

Application of morphological associative memories and Fourier descriptors for classification of noisy subsurface signatures
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a method for recognition of Noisy Subsurface Images using Morphological Associative Memories (MAM). MAM are type of associative memories that use a new kind of neural networks based in the algebra system known as semi-ring. The operations performed in this algebraic system are highly nonlinear providing additional strength when compared to other transformations. Morphological associative memories are a new kind of neural networks that provide a robust performance with noisy inputs. Two representations of morphological associative memories are used called M and W matrices. M associative memory provides a robust association with input patterns corrupted by dilative random noise, while the W associative matrix performs a robust recognition in patterns corrupted with erosive random noise. The robust performance of MAM is used in combination of the Fourier descriptors for the recognition of underground objects in Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) images. Multiple 2-D GPR images of a site are made available by NASA-SSC center. The buried objects in these images appear in the form of hyperbolas which are the results of radar backscatter from the artifacts or objects. The Fourier descriptors of the prototype hyperbola-like and shapes from non-hyperbola shapes in the sub-surface images are used to make these shapes scale-, shift-, and rotation-invariant. Typical hyperbola-like and non-hyperbola shapes are used to calculate the morphological associative memories. The trained MAMs are used to process other noisy images to detect the presence of these underground objects. The outputs from the MAM using the noisy patterns may be equal to the training prototypes, providing a positive identification of the artifacts. The results are images with recognized hyperbolas which indicate the presence of buried artifacts. A model using MATLAB has been developed and results are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 February 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5238, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing IX, (5 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.511074
Show Author Affiliations
Jorge L Ortiz, Univ. de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)
Hamed Parsiani, Univ. de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)
Leonid Tolstoy, Univ. de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5238:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing IX
Lorenzo Bruzzone, Editor(s)

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