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Proceedings Paper

Optical CDMA and WDMA in the access network
Author(s): Edward H. Sargent; Andrew Stok
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Paper Abstract

Optical CDMA provides one avenue to sharing the vast bandwidth of optical fiber among a number of active users in a network. In this work we address two questions central to considering the areas of applicability of CDMA in optics: (1) How do we compare fairly optical CDMA codes of different families, and what do we conclude? (2) How do we compare optical CDMA performance with that of conventional optical WDMA? To answer the first question, we present a method of comparing optical CDMA codes of different families, sizes and weights. We outline why the traditional performance metric of bit-error rate versus number of simultaneous users is lacking and propose a different performance measure -- the peak throughput normalized with respect to the size of the code. This metric is used to show that optical-orthogonal codes (OOCs) with a weight of 4 perform best at low offered loads while OOCs with weight 5 should be used at higher offered loads. By applying the technique across different families of codes, we demonstrate that multi-wavelength OOCs (MWOOCs) perform better than both OOCs (by a factor of approximately 1.25) and asymmetric prime-hop codes (by a factor of approximately 3.5), over a wide range of offered loads. In answer to the second question, we present a comparison of the performance of optical code-division multiple-access (CDMA) systems with that of a wavelength-division multiple-access (WDMA) system. The multiple-access techniques are applied in a time-slotted broadcast local-area network. The utilization, defined as the throughput per unit of time-domain bandwidth expansion, and packet delay are used as metrics of performance. When more than seven wavelengths are available, optical CDMA systems using asymmetric prime-hop codes and all-optical signal processing are shown to have higher peak utilization and lower corresponding delay than a WDMA system with the same number of wavelengths. When the encoders/decoders operate at the chip rate, the utilization of optical CDMA exceeds that of WDMA at high offered loads; however, the peak utilization of the WDMA system is still superior.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 August 2003
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5247, Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for WDM Networking II, (19 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.509844
Show Author Affiliations
Edward H. Sargent, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Andrew Stok, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5247:
Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for WDM Networking II
Benjamin B. Dingel; Werner Weiershausen; Achyut K. Dutta; Ken-Ichi Sato, Editor(s)

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