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Proceedings Paper

MAX: a gamma-ray lens for nuclear astrophysics
Author(s): Peter von Ballmoos; Hubert Halloin; Gerald K. Skinner; Robert K. Smither; Jaques Paul; Nikolai V. Abrosimov; Jose Manuel Alvarez; Pierre Astier; Pierre Bastie; Didier Barret; Angela Bazzano; Arnaud Boutonnet; Pascal Brousse; Bertrand Cordier; Thierry Courvoisier; Guido Di Cocco; Andrea Giuliani; Bernard Hamelin; Margarida Hernanz; Pierre Jean; Jordi Isern; Jurrgen Knödlseder; Phillipe Laurent; Francois Lebrun; Alexandre Marcowith; Vincent Martinot; Lorenzo Natalucci; Jean-Francois Olive; Reynald Pain; Rachida Sadat; Herve Sainct; Pietro Ubertini; Gilbert Vedrenne
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Paper Abstract

The mission concept MAX is a space borne crystal diffraction telescope, featuring a broad-band Laue lens optimized for the observation of compact sources in two wide energy bands of high astrophysical relevance. For the first time in this domain, gamma-rays will be focused from the large collecting area of a crystal diffraction lens onto a very small detector volume. As a consequence, the background noise is extremely low, making possible unprecedented sensitivities. The primary scientific objective of MAX is the study of type Ia supernovae by measuring intensities, shifts and shapes of their nuclear gamma-ray lines. When finally understood and calibrated, these profoundly radioactive events will be crucial in measuring the size, shape, and age of the Universe. Observing the radioactivities from a substantial sample of supernovae and novae will significantly improve our understanding of explosive nucleosynthesis. Moreover, the sensitive gamma-ray line spectroscopy performed with MAX is expected to clarify the nature of galactic microquasars (e+e- annihilation radiation from the jets), neutrons stars and pulsars, X-ray Binaries, AGN, solar flares and, last but not least, gamma-ray afterglow from gamma-burst counterparts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 January 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5168, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy, (29 January 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.509672
Show Author Affiliations
Peter von Ballmoos, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Hubert Halloin, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Gerald K. Skinner, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Robert K. Smither, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Jaques Paul, CEA Saclay (France)
Nikolai V. Abrosimov, Institut fuer Kristallzuechtung (Germany)
Jose Manuel Alvarez, Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (Spain)
Pierre Astier, Lab. de Physique Nucleaire et de Hautes Energies (France)
Pierre Bastie, Univ. Joseph Fourier-Grenoble I (France)
Didier Barret, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Angela Bazzano, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale (Italy)
Arnaud Boutonnet, Alcatel Space Industries (France)
Pascal Brousse, Alcatel Space Industries (France)
Bertrand Cordier, CEA Saclay (France)
Thierry Courvoisier, Integral Science Data Ctr. (Switzerland)
Guido Di Cocco, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
Andrea Giuliani, Univ. degli Studi dell'Insubria (Italy)
Bernard Hamelin, Institut Laue-Langevin (France)
Margarida Hernanz, Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (Spain)
Pierre Jean, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Jordi Isern, Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (Spain)
Jurrgen Knödlseder, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Phillipe Laurent, CEA Saclay (France)
Francois Lebrun, CEA Saclay (France)
Alexandre Marcowith, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Vincent Martinot, Alcatel Space Industries (France)
Lorenzo Natalucci, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
Jean-Francois Olive, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Reynald Pain, Lab. de Physique Nucleaire et de Hautes Energies (France)
Rachida Sadat, Observatoire Midi-Pyrennees (France)
Herve Sainct, Alcatel Space Industries (France)
Pietro Ubertini, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
Gilbert Vedrenne, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5168:
Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy
Oberto Citterio; Stephen L. O'Dell, Editor(s)

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