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Proceedings Paper

Effect of free surface on near-wake flow of elliptic cylinders with different aspect ratios
Author(s): Sang Joon Lee; - Daichin
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Paper Abstract

The flow fields behind elliptic cylinders with different aspect ratios adjacent to a free surface were investigated experimentally in a circulating water channel. The elliptic cylinders tested in this study have same cross section area. For each elliptic cylinder, the experiments were carried out under different conditions by varying the submergence depth of the cylinder beneath the free surface. The flow fields were measured using a single-frame double-exposure PIV system. For each experimental condition, 350 instantaneous velocity fields were captured and ensemble-averaged to obtain the mean flow field information and spatial distribution of turbulent statistics. The near-wakes can be basically classified into three typical patterns, which are formation of Coanda effect, generation of substantial jet-like flow, and attachment of jet flow to the free surface. The general flow structures behind the elliptic cylinder are similar to previous results for a circular submerged near to a free surface. However, the wake width and the angle of downward deflection of the shear layer developed from the lower surface of the elliptic cylinder are smaller than those for the circular cylinder. These trends are enhance with increasing of the cylinder aspect ratios.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2003
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5058, Optical Technology and Image Processing for Fluids and Solids Diagnostics 2002, (29 April 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.509537
Show Author Affiliations
Sang Joon Lee, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (South Korea)
- Daichin, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (South Korea)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5058:
Optical Technology and Image Processing for Fluids and Solids Diagnostics 2002
Gong Xin Shen; Soyoung S. Cha; Fu-Pen Chiang; Carolyn R. Mercer, Editor(s)

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