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Proceedings Paper

Proton exchange: past, present, and future
Author(s): Janet Lehr Jackel
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Paper Abstract

Optical waveguides fabricated using proton exchange in LiNb03 are the basis of many optical components studied today. This paper reviews the history of proton exchange, our current understanding of the process, fabrication methods, and applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1991
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1583, Integrated Optical Circuits, (1 December 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.50875
Show Author Affiliations
Janet Lehr Jackel, Bell Communications Research (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1583:
Integrated Optical Circuits

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