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Proceedings Paper

Influence of diamond turning and surface cleaning processes on the degradation of KDP crystal surfaces
Author(s): Mark R. Kozlowski; Ian M. Thomas; Gary J. Edwards; Kenneth A. Stanion; Baruch A. Fuchs; L. Latanich
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Paper Abstract

One factor influencing the efficiency of KDP frequency conversion arrays on the Nova laser system at LLNL has been environmental degradation, or `fogging,' of the crystal surfaces. Decreases in array transmission by as much as 20% have been attributed to crystal fogging. The surfaces of the 27 cm square Nova array crystals are prepared by a wet diamond-turning process. The rate of surface fogging has been associated with several parameters of the diamond turning and subsequent cleaning processes. High humidity during diamond turning, storage, and use on the laser tends to accelerate the fogging. We suspect that some of the additives present in the diamond turning oil increase the fogging rate and have found a machining oil which minimizes this surface degradation. Efficient removal of the machining oils from the crystal surface also minimizes the fogging problem. Care must be taken to use cleaning solvents which do not cause additional surface degradation. The fogging rate is sensitive to the crystallographic orientation of the material as well as to surface roughness related to the diamond turning process. Accelerated fogging at diamond turning artifacts may increase crystal surface roughness causing increased beam modulation and scattering losses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1991
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1561, Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion, (1 December 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.50764
Show Author Affiliations
Mark R. Kozlowski, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Ian M. Thomas, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Gary J. Edwards, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Kenneth A. Stanion, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Baruch A. Fuchs, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
L. Latanich, Cleveland Crystals (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1561:
Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion
Peter F. Bordui, Editor(s)

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