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Proceedings Paper

Extrasolar planet science with the Antarctic planet interferometer
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Paper Abstract

The primary limitation to ground based astronomy is the Earth's atmosphere. The atmosphere above the Antarctic plateau is different in many regards compared to the atmosphere at temperate sites. The extreme altitude, cold and low humidity offer a uniquely transparent atmosphere at many wavelengths. Studies at the South Pole have shown additionally that the turbulence properties of the night time polar atmosphere are fundamentally different to mid latitudes. Despite relatively strong ground layer turbulence, the lack of high altitude turbulence combined with low wind speeds presents favorable conditions for interferometry. The unique properties of the polar atmosphere can be exploited for Extrasolar Planet studies with differential astrometry, differential phase and nulling intereferometers. This paper combines the available data on the properties of the atmosphere at the South Pole and other Antarctic plateau sites for Extrasolar Planet science with interferometry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 November 2003
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5170, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets, (19 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.506895
Show Author Affiliations
James P. Lloyd, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Benjamin F. Lane, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Mark R. Swain, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
John W.V. Storey, Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)
Tony Travouillon, Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)
Wesley A. Traub, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (United States)
Christopher K. Walker, Steward Observatory/Univ. of Arizona (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5170:
Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets
Daniel R. Coulter, Editor(s)

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