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Proceedings Paper

Diamond micro-optics
Author(s): Fredrik K. Nikolajeff; Mikael Karlsson
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a method for fabricating almost any type of optical surfaces in diamond. The method consists of the following steps: First, a polymer film, spun onto diamond substrates of optical quality, is patterned by lithographic processes. Next, the surface relief is transferred into the underlying diamond by use of inductively coupled plasma dry etching in an oxygen/argon chemistry. Using this technique, we have successfully demonstrated the fabrication of diamond spherical microlenses, blazed gratings, Fresnel lenses, subwavelength gratings and diffractive fan-out elements. The spherical microlenses had apertures of 90 μm and f-number of 4. The phase error, measured with a Twyman-Green interferometer at 633 nm, was found to be less than 31 nm. The diffraction efficiency for the blazed grating was measured to be 68% at 400 nm, with a theoretical maximum of 71%. The subwavelength grating was designed for reducing surface reflections at a wavelength of 10.6 μm. Spectrophotometric results show that the optical transmission was increased from 70%, using a non-structured diamond substrate, to 97%, using our subwavelength structured diamond. Finally, the fan-out element has been tested with a 6 kW carbon-dioxide laser, to microstructure pieces of PMMA. The results are excellent, showing diffraction limited spots.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2003
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 5183, Lithographic and Micromachining Techniques for Optical Component Fabrication II, (3 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.506303
Show Author Affiliations
Fredrik K. Nikolajeff, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
Mikael Karlsson, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5183:
Lithographic and Micromachining Techniques for Optical Component Fabrication II
Ernst-Bernhard Kley; Hans Peter Herzig, Editor(s)

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