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Proceedings Paper

Superchannels for observing meteorological parameters
Author(s): Larry M. McMillin
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Paper Abstract

The AIRS instrument has a large number (2378) of potential channels. For use for observing meteorological parameters, several methods have been proposed and/or used. These include selecting a subset of channels, using eigenvectors, and using "super channels", which are averages of channels which view similar atmospheric features. The channels are selected using a constraint on the wavelength range to be covered, then selecting all the channels that have similar transmittances to be combined in one "super channel". Super channels have a number of features that make them attractive. They use all the information to reduce the noise and are efficient to use since both rapid transmittance models and equivalent Planck functions can be generated. This means that it requires the same effort to calculate the radiance for one super channel as for a single AIRS channel. Super channels and Planck function have been calculated for AIRS instrument and a rapid transmittance model is being used to generate coefficients to allow a rapid calculation of the corresponding transmittances. Results using the super channels compared to measures of the truth from forecast models and radiosondes will be shown.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 November 2003
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5151, Earth Observing Systems VIII, (10 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.506133
Show Author Affiliations
Larry M. McMillin, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5151:
Earth Observing Systems VIII
William L. Barnes, Editor(s)

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