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Proceedings Paper

High-performance Cr/Sc multilayers for the soft x-ray range
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Paper Abstract

Results of soft x-ray reflection measurements of Cr/Sc multilayer mirrors close to the Sc absorption edge at 3.11 nm are presented. Improvements in the deposition technology and the adjustment of the multilayer period with an accuracy of better than 0.01 nm to this absorption edge enabled a step forward towards soft x-ray mirrors with an adequate reflectance that allow the realization of normal incidence optical components in the water window. In particular, reflectivity measurements performed at the PTB reflectometer at BESSY II in Berlin revealed a reflectivity of R = 14.8% at an incidence angle of θ = 1.5° and R = 15.0% at θ = 5°. Simulation results show that the interface widths between the Cr and Sc nanolayers are less than 0.4 nm. The annealing effect in short-period Cr/Sc multilayers was studied in the temperature range from 50°C to 500°C by X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy. Structural and phase transformations and the corresponding changes of the optical properties are presented and discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 January 2004
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 5193, Advances in Mirror Technology for X-Ray, EUV Lithography, Laser, and Other Applications, (13 January 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.505688
Show Author Affiliations
Sergiy A. Yulin, Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Angewandte Optik und Feinmechanik (Germany)
Franz Schaefers, BESSY GmbH (Germany)
Torsten Feigl, Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Angewandte Optik und Feinmechanik (Germany)
Norbert Kaiser, Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Angewandte Optik und Feinmechanik (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5193:
Advances in Mirror Technology for X-Ray, EUV Lithography, Laser, and Other Applications
Ali M. Khounsary; Udo Dinger; Kazuya Ota, Editor(s)

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