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Properties and chemical environment effects of alkylamino styryl pyrazine two-photon fluorophores
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Paper Abstract

Advancement over the past decade of materials based on two-photon absorption has been phenomenal; yet, a need for greater understanding of multi-photon processes remains. Questions of design to maximize two-photon absorbance cross-sections and quantum yields have been addressed quantitatively. However, effects of the chemical environment on the absorption and emission processes in these chromophores are largely unexplored. This study presents the effects of 26 different solvents on the absorption and emission characteristics of a set of six new alkylamino-substituted styryl pyrazines. The solvatochromic comparison method is employed to derive structure-optical property relationships within this family of fluorophores, and the effects of solvent polarity, hydrogen bonding and inductive and dispersive forces are discussed. Electrostatic and transition moments are measured and their contributions to two-photon absorbance cross-sections (δTPA) are discussed. Symmetric D-π-A-π-D molecular architecture is thought to play a very important role in increasing δTPA by disrupting the degeneracy of excited states and increasing one- and two-photon transition probabilities. The coupling of strong electron donors to strong electron acceptors with symmetric D-π-A-π-D molecular architecture is shown to produce fluorophores with exceptional two-photon activities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 November 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5212, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials III, (10 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.505065
Show Author Affiliations
Jeremy C. Collette, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Aaron W. Harper, Univ. of Southern California (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5212:
Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials III
Mark G. Kuzyk; Manfred Eich; Robert A. Norwood, Editor(s)

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