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Proceedings Paper

System design of the CRISM (compact reconnaissance imaging spectrometer for Mars) hyperspectral imager
Author(s): Peter R. Silverglate; Dennis E. Fort
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Paper Abstract

CRISM (Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars) is a hyperspectral imager that will be launched on the MRO (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter) in August 2005. The MRO will circle Mars in a polar orbit at a nominal altitude of 325 km. The CRISM spectral range spans the ultraviolet (UV) to the mid-wave infrared (MWIR), 400 nm to 4050 nm. The instrument utilizes a Ritchey-Chretien telescope with a 2.06º field of view (FOV) to focus light on the entrance slit of a dual spectrometer. Within the spectrometer light is split by a dichroic into VNIR (visible-near infrared) (λ ≤ 1.05 μm) and IR (infrared) (λ ≥ 1.05 μm) beams. Each beam is directed into a separate modified Offner spectrometer that focuses a spectrally dispersed image of the slit onto a two dimensional focal plane (FP). The IR FP is a 640 x 480 HgCdTe area array; the VNIR FP is a 640 x 480 silicon photodiode area array. The spectral image is contiguously sampled with a 6.55 nm spectral spacing and an instantaneous field of view of 60 μradians. The orbital motion of the MRO pushbroom scans the spectrometer slit across the Martian surface, allowing the planet to be mapped in 558 spectral bands. There are four major mapping modes: A quick initial multi-spectral mapping of a major portion of the Martian surface in 59 selected spectral bands at a spatial resolution of 600 μradians (10:1 binning); an extended multi-spectral mapping of the entire Martian surface in 59 selected spectral bands at a spatial resolution of 300 μradians (5:1 binning); a high resolution Target Mode, performing hyperspectral mapping of selected targets of interest at full spatial and spectral resolution; and an atmospheric Emission Phase Function (EPF) mode for atmospheric study and correction at full spectral resolution at a spatial resolution of 300 μradians (5:1 binning). The instrument is gimbaled to allow scanning over ±60° for the EPF and Target modes. The scanning also permits orbital motion compensation, enabling longer integration times and consequently higher signal-to-noise ratios for selected areas on the Martian surface in Target Mode.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 January 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5159, Imaging Spectrometry IX, (7 January 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.504876
Show Author Affiliations
Peter R. Silverglate, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Dennis E. Fort, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5159:
Imaging Spectrometry IX
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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