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Proceedings Paper

Corn hyperspectra and their red edge characteristics
Author(s): Xiuzhen Wang; Jingfeng Huang; Yanlin Tang; Fumin Wang
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Paper Abstract

The hyperspectral reflectance of the canopy in field, the first and the third unfold leaves from the top of corn are measured indoor in different stages by a ASD FieldSpec Pro FR. The concentrations of chlorophyll and carotenoid of leaves corresponding to the spectra are determined by biochemical method. The correlation between the pigment concentrations, leaf area indices, above ground biomass and fresh leaf mass and the red edge parameters of corn are analyzed. The hyperspectral reflectance are gradually getting smaller in the visible region and bigger in the near infrared region along with growth. The difference of reflectance between in the near infrared region and in the visible region is the biggest in flowering stage. There are “two peak” phenomena for the red edge of canopy spectra of corn. These phenomena are first the clearer with growth, then the clearest in flowering stage and after that are gradually weaken. The position of red edge (λred) of canopy spectra are between 710nm and 740nm. There are "red shift’ phenomena for λred before flowering stage, the slope of red edge (Dλred) and the area of red edge (Sred) before the elongation stage, but are gradually smaller and "blue shift’ after flowering stage for the slope of red edge (Dλred) and the area of red edge (Sred) of the canopy spectra. The leaf area indices (LAI), above ground fresh biomass, above ground dry biomass and fresh leaf mass are very significantly correlative to the red edge parameters λred, Dλred and Sred of the canopy spectra, and the concentrations of chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-b, total chlorophyll and carotenoid of leaves also significantly correlative to their red edge parameters λred and Dλred. These prove that the red edge parameters (λred, Dλred and Sred) can be used to estimate LAI, above ground biomass and fresh leaf mass. The parameters λred and Dλred can be used to estimate the concentrations chlorophyll and carotenoid of leaves for corn.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 December 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5153, Ecosystems' Dynamics, Agricultural Remote Sensing and Modeling, and Site-Specific Agriculture, (22 December 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.504695
Show Author Affiliations
Xiuzhen Wang, Zhejiang Meteorological Institute (China)
Jingfeng Huang, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Yanlin Tang, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Fumin Wang, Zhejiang Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5153:
Ecosystems' Dynamics, Agricultural Remote Sensing and Modeling, and Site-Specific Agriculture
Wei Gao; David R. Shaw, Editor(s)

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