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Proceedings Paper

Height estimation improvement via baseline calibration for a dual-pass dual-antenna ground-mapping IFSAR system
Author(s): Ana Martinez; Armin W. Doerry; Douglas L. Bickel; Mohammed Jamshidi
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Paper Abstract

Data collection for interferometric synthetic aperture radar (IFSAR) mapping systems currently utilize two operation modes. A single-antenna, dual-pass IFSAR operation mode is the first mode in which a platform carrying a single antenna traverses a flight path by the scene of interest twice collecting data. A dual-antenna, single-pass IFSAR operation mode is the second mode where a platform possessing two antennas flies past the scene of interest collecting data. There are advantages and disadvantages associated with both of these data collection modes. The single-antenna, dual-pass IFSAR operation mode possesses an imprecise knowledge of the antenna baseline length but allows for large antenna baseline lengths. This imprecise antenna baseline length knowledge lends itself to inaccurate target height scaling. The dual-antenna, one-pass IFSAR operation mode allows for a precise knowledge of the limited antenna baseline length but this limited baseline length leads to increased target height noise. This paper presents a new, innovative dual-antenna, dual-pass IFSAR operation mode which overcomes the disadvantages of the two current IFSAR operation modes. Improved target height information is now obtained with this new mode by accurately estimating the antenna baseline length between the dual flight passes using the data itself. Consequently, this new IFSAR operation mode possesses the target height scaling accuracies of the dual-antenna, one-pass operation mode and the height-noise performance of the one-antenna, dual-pass operation mode.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 November 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5151, Earth Observing Systems VIII, (10 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.504632
Show Author Affiliations
Ana Martinez, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Armin W. Doerry, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Douglas L. Bickel, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Mohammed Jamshidi, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5151:
Earth Observing Systems VIII
William L. Barnes, Editor(s)

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