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Proceedings Paper

Functionalized luminescent YVO4: Ln3+ nanoparticles
Author(s): Valerie E. Buissette; Arnaud Huignard; Khalid Lahlil; Thierry Gacoin; Jean-Pierre Boilot; Anne-Christine Franville; Rachid Mahiou
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Paper Abstract

The synthesis and the emission properties of colloidal YVO4:Ln nanocrystals (8nm in diameter) are investigated, where Ln = Eu, Nd, Yb, Er. The nanoparticles synthesized here are constituted of a (Y,Ln)VO4 crystalline core and stabilized by a lanthanide-citrate complexing shell. Surface derivatization of the particles can be achieved through the controlled growth of a silicate shell using a functionalized silane, with elimination of the citrate shell. The luminescence of the Eu3+ -doped YVO4 colloids is studied in details and compared to the bulk material. Chemical treatments are achieved in order to explain the observed differences. Improvement of the emission quantum yield after the transfer of the colloidal particles into D2O shows that surface OH groups act as efficient quenchers of the Eu3+ emission. The growth of a silica shell around the particles decreases the optimum europium concentration, showing that energy transfers within the nanoparticles are limited by the quenching of the excited states of the vanadate ions. Moreover, site selective excitation spectroscopy seems to prove the coexistence of core sites and surface sites for the europium ions. Finally, colloidal nanoparticles exhibit an emission yield of about 25%, which appears already suitable for some applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5222, Nanocrystals, and Organic and Hybrid Nanomaterials, (14 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.504496
Show Author Affiliations
Valerie E. Buissette, LPMC, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Arnaud Huignard, LPMC, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Khalid Lahlil, LPMC, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Thierry Gacoin, LPMC, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Jean-Pierre Boilot, LPMC, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Anne-Christine Franville, LMI, Univ. Blaise Pascal (France)
Rachid Mahiou, LMI, Univ. Blaise Pascal (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5222:
Nanocrystals, and Organic and Hybrid Nanomaterials
Alexander N. Cartwright; David L. Andrews; Zeno Gaburro; Charles Y. C. Lee, Editor(s)

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