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Proceedings Paper

Photomask defect tracing, analysis, and reduction with chemically amplified resist process
Author(s): Cheng-ming Lin; Rick Lai; W. H. Huang; B. C. Wang; C. Y. Chen; C. H. Kung; Chue-San Yoo; Jieh-Jang Chen; Sheng-Cha Lee
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Paper Abstract

The features of optical proximity correction are becoming very aggressive as production technology migrates into 90nm/130 nm regime. The complicated optical proximity correction (OPC) patterns often result in un-repairable defects, a major yield loss mechanisms in a mask production line. Defect control is increasingly important. A methodology for identifying defect sources and reduction is demonstrated in this paper. The mechanisms and causes of defect formation could be determined with corresponding process step on the strength of sequence inspections. The cause of half-etched opaque defect on negative CAR process was found from PR fragment contamination of e-beam exposure step. After clean-up of e-beam chamber, yield was increased over 20%. Big pinhole defect and contact of AttPSM positive process was found on ADI step. The possible cause was poor CAR adhesion. These two type defects were decreased by modification of developing recipe, special on rinse step. Design experiment with Taguchi method was used to optimize the interactive recipe of plasma descum and rinse step on developing step of implanted layer. Average defect density was decreased from 0.99 to 0.27, and percentage of zero defect rate has been increased from 29.5 to 63.3%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 August 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5130, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology X, (28 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.504189
Show Author Affiliations
Cheng-ming Lin, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
Rick Lai, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
W. H. Huang, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
B. C. Wang, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
C. Y. Chen, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
C. H. Kung, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
Chue-San Yoo, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
Jieh-Jang Chen, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
Sheng-Cha Lee, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5130:
Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology X
Hiroyoshi Tanabe, Editor(s)

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