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Proceedings Paper

Study of keyhole and melt pool oscillations in dual-beam welding of aluminium alloys: effect on porosity formation
Author(s): A. Haboudou; Patrice Peyre; A. B. Vannes
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Paper Abstract

Studies have been made to state the influence of dual beam configuration on porosity formation. Welding experiments were carried out on two aluminum alloys, extremely sensitive to porosity formation under laser beam. The results show that the bispot configuration reduces drastically the porosity rate. Indeed, the use of dual beam conditions ensures a larger and more stable weld pool that allows the porosity's ejection. This has been observed by a high speed CMOS camera, which has followed the fluctuations of the keyhole, and has given the approximate melting pool dimensions in single and dual beam configurations, for several welding speed and beam distances. We have already observed an evolution of the weld pool geometry, which tends to stabilize the melt pool flow, providing free of porosity beads with a stable bead aspect. Indeed, the bead surface is smoothed, and a regular chevron welded structure is built during solidification. After all, we tried to set up a correspondence between the oscillations of the keyhole, the melt flow examined, the geometry of the weld pool achieved upon the bead aspects obtained, and the good metallurgical quality reached in dual beam arrangement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2003
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 4831, First International Symposium on High-Power Laser Macroprocessing, (3 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.503131
Show Author Affiliations
A. Haboudou, Cooperation Laser Franco-Allemande (France)
Patrice Peyre, Cooperation Laser Franco-Allemande (France)
A. B. Vannes, Cooperation Laser Franco-Allemande (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4831:
First International Symposium on High-Power Laser Macroprocessing
Isamu Miyamoto; Kojiro F. Kobayashi; Koji Sugioka; Reinhart Poprawe; Henry Helvajian, Editor(s)

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